ETHICS AND PUBLICATION MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
Research Publications is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles.
We are committed to ensuring freedom of expressions. Editorial Board has the
final say in matters related to all aspects of publication and advertising, reprint or other commercial
revenue does not influence editorial
to standards of ethical behaviour is therefore expected of all parties
involved: editors, authors, reviewers and the publisher. Following guidelines
have been developed on the basis of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Publisher Policy Regarding Patient
Consent and Ethical Clearance/Human Rights
The Journal does not publish research on animal
subjects. Patient identity should not be disclosed without prior
consent of patient. All research on human subjects should follow
institutional/regional ethical standards as well as the Helsinki
Declaration of 1975 (Available at: http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html).
If patient identity is revealed anywhere in the article, it should be
stated in text that patient consent has been obtained. It has been made mandatory
for clinical trials from India to be registered with “Clinical Trials Registry
– India” (http://ctri.nic.in/)
since 2009. It is a free and online public record system for registration
of clinical trials conducted in India.
All research on human subjects should follow institutional/regional
ethical standards as well as the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (Available
Author should submit a scanned copy of Ethical Clearance Certificate by
local/institutional ethics committee. Information regarding ethical
approval should be provided in Methodology section.
If a correction is needed, the Journal would follow
these minimum standards as per ICMJE Recommendations:
A correction notice would be published as soon as possible detailing
changes from and citing the original publication on an electronic or numbered
print page that is included in an electronic or a print Table of Contents to
ensure proper indexing.
A new article version would be posted with details of the changes from
the original version and the date(s) on which the changes were made.
All prior versions of the article would be archived. This archive would
be either directly accessible to readers.
Previous electronic versions would have a prominent note that there are
more recent versions of the article.
The citation should be to the most recent version.
When scientific misconduct is alleged, the editor is the sole decision-making authority regarding publication of expression of concern and retraction of the article based on COPE Flowcharts.
Editors should be
responsible for everything published in their journals. Their responsibilities
Fair play: Editor’s should take
decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication based only on the paper’s
importance, originality, clarity, and the study’s relevance to the scope of the
Confidentiality: Editors will protect
all information related to manuscript and discuss only with corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, if
appropriate, to maintain confidentiality.
of interest: Editor should decline
to edit a manuscript in which they might have personal, financial, political,
academic interest. In such cases, they should ask another member of editorial
board to handle the manuscript.
Editorial decision: All manuscripts
should undergo peer review by at least two reviewers. All decisions must be
taken on the basis of validity, significance, reviewers’
comments, and such legal requirements as are in force regarding libel,
copyright infringement and plagiarism at the time.
Investigations: Editors should
follow the procedure set out in the COPE flowchart when complaints are raised.
They should consider appeals of authors against editorial decisions also.
Authors should follow
the ethical codes of publications. Their duties include:
Originality and plagiarism: Authors must ensure that
the manuscript is their original contribution and has not previously been
published elsewhere. Authors must not use any words/figures/tables from other
works without appropriate citation and permission.
Multiple submissions: Sending manuscript for publication
to more than one publication will be considered unethical behaviour and breach
Authorship: All authors
mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. The
corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors are included on the
manuscript, and all co-authors have approved and agreed upon the final
Conflict of interest: Authors must declare all
sources of funds and conflicts of interest.
Fundamental errors: Authors are obliged to notify
about errors at any point immediately if a significant error is discovered in
manuscript submitted for publication. They should cooperate with editors in the
procedure of retraction or correction.
Reviewers have an
important role in publication. They should:
Confidentiality: Reviewers should
treat any manuscript submitted to them as confidential document, keep all
information obtained through peer review confidential and not use for personal
should provide objective comments and formulate observations clearly with
supporting arguments, so that authors can use them for improving the paper.
Prompt response: Reviewers should
report promptly if they feel unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript.
Conflict of interest:
should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest
resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or
connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to
should provide citation of relevant published work that has not been cited by
the authors. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial
similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other
manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.