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Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript Preparation

  • Microsoft Word is the recommended word processing format for the manuscript file.
  • The language (American English, British English, Hindi, etc.) to be used when writing the submission is mentioned on its individual webpage. Authors are requested to visit the webpage of the journal for this information.
  • The manuscript should be in single-column and should have double spacing and 2.5 cm margins all around.
  • All acronyms must be defined the first time they appear in the main text, abstract, and captions for figures or tables. Then, the abbreviated form should be used consistently moving forward.
  • The International System of Units (SI) must be followed when choosing measuring units.
  • Equations must be editable and should be not utilised in picture format.


Title Page
The author should submit a title page that:

  • Summarizes the reasons due to which the paper adds value to the body of scientific research
  • Indicates the article's title and type (research article, systematic review, case report, viewpoint, letter to editor, etc.)
  • Provides all the relevant contact information of the corresponding author, including e-mail address, Orcid ID, phone number, and address for correspondence
  • Includes names and affiliations of all authors
  • Assures that the article has not been submitted or published anywhere else
  • Furnishes complete details for accurate analysis in case the article was previously submitted to another journal and was rejected
  • Indicates the financing source, if any
  • Indicates the author(s)' conflict of interest
  • Indicates the article's word count (not including the abstract, references, tables, figure legends, and acknowledgments)
  • Indicates the number of tables and figures used in the article

Structure of Research Article

A manuscript/paper should not be more than 4500 words in case of original research or systematic or meta-analysis. For short reports, case reports etc., the number of words is less. A maximum of thirty references may be used. Generally speaking, these articles should not contain more than six contributors, however, there is no limit to the number of authors, if the contribution of each of them is justified.

The following arrangement is recommended when compiling a research article (optional):

  • Title
  • Authors
  • Affiliations
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • Sources of funding
  • Conflict of interest statement
  • References
  • Figures and figure legends
  • Tables with caption



This part summarises the article's key ideas, presents the findings and conclusions, and clarifies the importance of the findings. It is important to note that the abstract should not contain any references. It should not consist of more than 250 words. Please refer to for additional information.

The abstract of a research article should be structured including the following headings:

  • Introduction or Background
  • Objectives
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion

Abstracts can be unstructured for other categories of articles.

A minimum of three and a maximum of ten keywords are required.

The following should be included in the Introduction section:

  • Background information so that readers outside the area can comprehend the significance and goal of the study and place the paper in perspective
  • Description of the issue being addressed and its significance
  • A concise summary of the important literature
  • Conclusion by summarizing the main goal of the work (in brief)

Materials and Methods
To help other researchers use the work in further research, this section provides a brief description of the study settings, sample size, sampling method, study design, tools & techniques of observation and analysis, statistical tests, ethical approval, etc. This section should be thoroughly described so that readers can find the scientific robustness of the study.

The primary study findings must be mentioned by the authors. The text, tables, and figures should display the results in a logical order, with the primary or most significant findings appearing first. They should also make sure that tables and graphs do not include duplicate data and should not be repeating tables into text.  

This section should evaluate the results’ validity and compare them to related findings from earlier studies using the appropriate in-text citation style. Here the results should be given with a concise justification of their importance and applicability. The limitations of the methods and the importance of the findings for additional research should also be stated. It needs to be brief.

This should clearly outline the research's key findings and provide an explanation of their significance and applicability. This section can include the recommendations of the study which have wider application or public health importance.

A brief and accurate acknowledgement of support organisations, as well as any applicable scientific or technical assistance, should be included in this area. It is inappropriate to bring up standard institutional or departmental support.

Conflict of Interest and Sources of Funding
Financial, institutional, personal, and other relationships that could affect findings and decision-making should be mentioned here. The authors should declare such associations, if any. It should be made very apparent if there isn't a conflict of interest.
A list of funding sources for the work must be declared by the authors.
In the article, disclosure of funding sources and conflicts of interest should come before references.

For medical and nursing journals, the authors need to adhere to the NLM style guide for reference. References within the text should be cited as superscript numbers. At the end of every manuscript, there should be a numbered list of references. Every reference should include the names of a maximum of six authors followed by et al.
A few examples of such references have been mentioned below:


  • Nath R, Gupta NK, Gupta N, Tiwari P, Kishore J, Ish P. Effect of COVID-19 pandemic on tuberculosis notification. Indian J Tuberc. 2022 Jul;69(3):364-5. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mishra MM, Sahu N, Pani B, Chakraborty A, Mallick G. Assessment of human health vulnerability in Kalahandi-Balangir-Koraput Region of Odisha, India. J Commun Dis. 2023;55(2):1-8. [Google Scholar]


  • Byadgi PS. Ayurvediya vikrit vigyan & roga vigyan. Vol. 2, Roga-vigyan. New Delhi: Chaukhambha Publications; 2009. p. 10-2. [Google Scholar]

For additional information, kindly check:
For journals belonging to domains other than medical and nursing, the authors need to adhere to the Vancouver style guide for references. References within the text should be cited as superscript numbers. At the end of every manuscript, there should be a numbered list of references. Every reference should include the names of a maximum of six authors followed by et al.

A few examples of such references have been mentioned below:


  • Annigeri R. Design of fuzzy logic controller for controlling physical parameter. J Adv Res Instrum Control Eng. 2021;8(3&4):16-8.
  • Haralayya B, Jeelan BV, Vibhute NS. Analysis of segment reporting with reference to selected software companies. J Adv Res Entrep Innov SMES Manag. 2021;4(2):9-26.


  1. Kishore J, Ray PC, Mandal RK. The pioneering social reformers of India. 2nd ed. India: Century Publications; 2017.

Figures and Tables
Every figure and table should have an Arabic number assigned to it and should be cited in the text at the beginning of the description (e.g., Figure 1, Tables 1 and 3). The figures and tables should be provided at the appropriate places in the text or should be grouped at the end of the manuscript to be submitted. There should be a caption for each table (maximum 15 words). Any non-standard symbols and abbreviations should have an explanation in the footnotes. In a similar vein, every figure needs a legend (not more than 300 words) or caption (not more than 15 words). Any time a part of the figure is designated by an arrow, number, symbol, or letter, the legend should identify and explain each one. An example of a figure caption has been provided below:

Figure 6.Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Enzymes in the Liver of Experimental Rats

An example of a table caption has been provided below:

Table 6.Correlations among the Proteins
Please note that in order to reprint figures or tables that have already been published somewhere else, the author(s) must get permission from the copyright holder.